Earth Partnership for Schools

WOODLAND RESTORATION INTERACTIVE WORKSHOP > HOW TO RESTORE WOODLAND AT YOUR SCHOOL > STUDY THE SITE > THE LAY OF THE LAND

Topography influences water drainage, soil moisture, microclimate, and how your site may be used. Understanding the relationship between topography and these factors will help you to select and locate the most appropriate woodlands for your site.

For this activity, you will determine the topographical features on your site: high spots that may be dry; low spots that may collect water; and drainage patterns.

Materials needed:

  • site map
  • clipboards and pencils

Directions:

  • Walk your site, and identify the landforms and prominent features such as hills, slopes, and flat areas.
  • Identify high spots and low areas.
  • Determine drainage patterns, either naturally occurring or manmade, such as swales, holding ponds, and ditches. Note if water collects on or off your site.
  • Locate this information on an overlay map.